Вы здесьЗахириддин Мухаммад Бабур / Захириддин Мухаммад Бабур

Захириддин Мухаммад Бабур


3318

Памятник Захириддин Мухамад Бабура.

Андижанцы свято чтут память своего великого земляка Захириддин Мухамад Бабура – выдающегося писателя и поэта, ученого, талантливого полководца и государственного деятеля.  На центральной площади города установлен конный памятник Бабуру, его имя носят университет и библиотека, один из проспектов.

Захириддин (Захир ад-дин, Захриддин, Захритдин) Мухаммад Бабур родился 14 февраля 1483 г. в Андижане, в семействе правителя Ферганского Улуса (удела), имя которого было Омар Шейх Мирза. В то время в Средней Азии и Хорасане шли жестокие междоусобные войны между братьями, родственниками - потомками Великого Тамерлана.

 Захириддин Бабур с детства был влюблен во все прекрасное -  в литературу, искусство, красоту природы. Подобно всем принцам - тимуридам, он получал основы знаний от выдающихся преподавателей во дворце своего отца. Однако, длилось недолго его безмятежное детство: в 1494 г., после смерти отца, Бабур в возрасте 12 лет, воссел на наследный  трон правителя Ферганского Улуса,  и был вынужден бороться за трон Андижана против своего брата Джахонгира Мирзо, с дядями Султаном Ахмадом Мирзо и Султаном Махмад-ханом. Чтобы примириться с братом Джахонгиром Мирзо, Бабур разделил Ферганский Улус и отдал ровно половину. Тогда же Бабур вступил в борьбу против феодальных групп Самарканда.

 Побежденный Шейбани-ханом, который обладал огромной военной силой, Бабур оставляет Самарканд. После завоевания Шейбани-ханом Андижана в 1504 г., Бабур размещается на юге и устанавливает свое правление Улус в Кабуле. В 1505-1515 гг. Бабур несколько раз пробовал вернуться в Среднюю Азию. Но эти попытки оказались бесполезными. Позднее, с намерением укрепить свою власть, на протяжении 6 лет в период 1519-1525 гг. Бабур вел агрессивную борьбу против Индии, и завоевал её в 1526-1527 гг. Власть "Династии Бабуридов", известной в Европе как "Великие Моголы", продолжалась в Индии более 300 лет.

После той победы Бабур прожил недолго и в возрасте 47 лет умер в городе Агре в декабре 1530 г.; позже, согласно его завещанию, потомки перенесли его останки в Кабул и захоронили там.

 Бабур за короткое время правления государством содействовал стабилизации политической ситуации в Индии, объединил индийские земли, усовершенствовал города, организацию торговых отношений. Широкое распространение получило построение библиотек и караван-сараев, особенно в годы правления его потомков. Центрально-азиатский стиль появился в искусствах и архитектуре Индии.

Джавахарлал Неру написал, что после пребывания Бабура в Индии произошли большие изменения, имели место новые реформы, улучшившие жизнь, обогащенную искусством и архитектурой.

 Наряду с огромными государственными делами Бабур выполнял литературно-художественную деятельность в Индии и создал самую его изысканную работу, которая стала популярной во всем мире - "Бабур-наме".

"Бабур-наме" - книга, включающая не только исторические факты, но и уникальную информацию относительно экономических, политических и социальных аспектов, природы и географии - информация, которая имеет огромное мировое значение, наполнена уникальным историческим и литературным наследием.

3319

Как добраться (контакты): 

Центральная часть Андижана - площадь Конституции.

After all, it matches perfectly and once these cuties are gone they won"t be coming back. Ok, I"m set. Summer is great and I seem awesome with my Michael Kors tote and matching Mini. But the bag is not quite huge enough. I"m not complaining, just taking note. I love the bag but maybe I did buy on impulse just a little. But it was cheap and still, I love it! Another truck comes in. Wow, look at these new Carly duffle"s! There"s plenty of room and the signature khaki pattern will go with everything I own. I won"t have to buy another purse for years. Besides, the scribble is really just a summer bag <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">michael kors outlet online</a> . Fall will be here soon. I"m going to get it! You only live once! And this is the start from the cycle that continues until you finish college, are forced to discover a real job and say goodbye to your paid hobby.It was about 50 years ago that the first Michael Kors outlet store opened. The first retailers success prompted many more store openings. At this point <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">michael kors outlet online</a> , you can locate a Michael Kors outlet store in most major countries including Japan. Michael Kors outlet retailers are traded as a public company. Their main office is located in New York City.Just spend few second in looking around you. Seem at the people around you. Observe men, women and children. Observe what they are wearing, how they are walking and what they are carrying. Now for few seconds sit comfortably and rewind few years. Now visualize the people you would have seen here couple of years back <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">michael kors outlet</a> . Try to remember the way the men, women and children used to dress up. <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">michael kors outlet sale</a> Last but not the least; choose a item that suits your personality. Color on the hand bag must be a contrast of your personality. Dress matching colours are mostly preferred <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">michael kors outlet</a> , so before buying a purse, keep in mind that which color of dress you mostly wear, and which color suites you.Make sure to choose the Michael Kors handbag that goes well with your personality. Most people love to prefer the color that matches with their dress; though it is better to choose the color that matches with your personality. However if it is important to match the bag with the dress first think that which color you mostly wear then choose the bag of that color.Many girls consider working in the Michael Kors Outlet shops with visions of all the nice bags they can buy at great charges <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">Michael Kors hangbags outlet</a> . The perfect college job! While this could be true, I think a lot of these girls spend most of their paycheck on Michael Kors purses, wallets or whatever strikes their fancy. The rules have changed over the past few years on what type of discount these girls (and guys!) receive as an employee. At the time of this writing, some of girls have told me that they receive 60% off in the full cost, or highest value on the tag. (The outlet tags often have two rates) This is a pretty good gig for a young girl who"s frothing at the mouth with every new truck load of merchandise that comes in. I think most of these girls would help unload the truck if they were allowed! Employees are not permitted to put anything on hold as they did in the past. Still, a pretty sweet deal if you are into Michael Kors handbags. Or is it?Moreover these fake products are very good copies of real, branded products. Commonly there is certainly a minor difference only in their trademark. Some shrewd manufactures even use the trademark that is very closer to the authentic a single. Such trademarks are enough to confuse the prospective customers.Most consumers think that it is not critical to pay such a high value for accessories like purses and handbags. For a single reason or another few consumers are ready to have a defected purse or handbag if it is offered at a discounted value. This defected bag enables them to save a good sum of money. This is the prime reason that a pretty good sale of leather purses and handbags is observed at Michael Kors Outlet Shops.Naturally, designers have the tendency to manufacture more solutions than needed. This leads to the overstocking of items. Overstocked items are then shifted to outlets when their season is over. At times, some products are released with minor flaws, and are automatically sent to the outlet merchants. Worry no less because these are still the same Michael Kors items that you longed to own. <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">michael kors outlet online</a> Never purchase the Michael Kors handbag just by visiting one store. It is good to first visit different readily available outlets and make a comparison of design and cost in your thoughts <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">michael kors outlet</a> . Then make the final purchase that ideal suits your requirements.Not to mention the fashion has been the part of our lives since years. We cannot imagine ourselves living without style and fashion. Everybody has to accommodate himself with the advancement not only of technology but also with fashion. It is important to understand that fashion not only ends with dresses it is connected with our lifestyle. <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">Michael Kors bags outlet</a> Now a query is how to solve this problem of buying genuine goods rather then replica products. Very simple never shop from an unknown store, but always prefer to shop at official outlet store, suppose if you want to buy Michael Kors Products, then always to go for Michael Kors Factory Outlet Stores because there you will find the real product of Michael Kors manufacturers. Similarly, if you are shopping on the net, then don"t forget to visit the Michael Kors On-line Outlet Shops where you will again uncover the official solutions of Michael Kors.Now that I have explained why the Michael Kors brand is so great. Lets take a seem at were to purchase a authentic Michael Kors handbag. I have to confess that I believe that Michael Kors Outlet Outlets are the very best places to purchase these gems. I guess I am looking for a deal also. <a href="http://www.marianne.com/michaelkors.php">Michael Kors hangbags outlet</a> Michael Kors outlet merchants usually carry all the collections but at significant rates. But these stores are not stationed like a Walmart. You will have to travel to uncover just one. If you want to come across a single, check out prime outlets over the net. Prime outlet has an exhaustive directory of these locations across the United States.